Herniated Discs


What is a herniated disc?

There are 33 vertebrae in your spine and 23 intervertebral discs which are located between each of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. These flat, thin discs serve as shock absorbers for your spine. Your intervertebral discs are incredibly sturdy, but they can weaken with age and may herniate. When they do, you may experience slight back pain which worsens with time, and can become quite painful.

When the outer section of the disc is weakened or worn down, it can tear open or herniate which allows the soft center of the disc, the nucleus pulposus, to leak through the rigid outer fibers (annulus fibrosis). Less typically, failure in the annulus fibrosis can be the source for the herniation. The material that is extruded from the disc can compress neurons adjacent to the disc and cause pain.

In one study of herniated discs, extruded tissue from the soft center of the disc accounted for 29% of the cases. Only 13% of the herniated discs studied were traced back to the annulus fibrosus, the outer part of the disc (1). If the herniated disc is located in the upper spine (cervical), you may experience radiating pain in your fingers, arms and shoulders. If the disc herniation is in the lower spine (lumbar) patients may experience tingling pain in their feet, legs, hips and buttocks. This type of radiating pain is called radiculopathy. Over 90% of disc herniations are lumbar-based (2).

How common is a herniated disc?
In the US, twenty-eight percent of people over forty will experience a disc abnormality. A herniated disc can occur in any intervertebral disc on your spine, but most commonly they are found in your lower (lumbar) spine. Generally, the disc is weakened with time. We all suffer a certain degree of spinal degeneration, and typically the condition may start slowly with a slight back pain that worsens gradually. However, physical exertion like pushing a car out of a snowdrift in the Sierras, helping someone move, or just swinging a golf club the wrong way can cause a herniation. What is even more perplexing is that there are many cases of herniated discs that cause no pain. Men are twice as likely to have a herniated disc than females (3). The average age for individuals to suffer from a herniated disc is about 43-years old with only rare instances occurring in children and teens.
What are the treatments for a herniated disc?
To treat a herniated disc, your doctor may suggest a conservative, ‘wait and see’ approach using over the counter medications like Advil or opioid-based pain relievers.
Dr. Nourian takes a proactive, patient-centered perspective that steers clear of any opioid-based pain relievers. He may suggest holistic treatments based on integrative medicine that takes into account the whole person with a focus on lifestyle. He may recommend alternative conservative treatments like physical therapy, chiropractic sessions, acupuncture, yoga, and even a healthier diet. If you are a smoker, Dr. Nourian can help you kick your habit, especially if you are serious about eliminating your back pain.
If after four to six weeks, the conservative treatments are not getting anywhere, and your pain continues, or the size of the disc herniation is above average, or you are experiencing bladder or bowel control, then surgery may be your best option.

One of the most common surgeries for a herniated disc is lumbar microdiscectomy which is a minimally invasive procedure that decompresses nerve pathways by removing a small part of the herniated portion of the disc that is pressing on them. Due to the small incision and the benign treatment of the back muscles, pain and infection are reduced. The procedure can be performed in Dr. Nourian’s clinic over a few hours with the patient returning home the same day. Dr. Nourian’s technique does not require the use of opioid-based pain relievers during or after the surgery. This significantly eliminates the risk of developing an opioid addiction. Back pain relief is almost immediate, and the microsurgical technique has an excellent success record of 84% (4).

Click on the “Make An Appointment” button at the top of this page, or call Dr. Nourian’s office for more information. This is a great day to deal with your back pain. Call us at 310-928-2769.

1: Lumbar Disc Herniation, Franco Postacchini, Pg. 157, Springer Science Library
2: Ibid., Pg. 152
3: Ibid, Pg. 152
4: Dohrmann GJ, Mansour N. Long-Term Results of Various Operations for Lumbar Disc Herniation: Analysis of over 39,000 Patients. Med Princ Pract. 2015;24(3):285-90

How is a herniated disc diagnosed?
The symptoms of a herniated disc depend on their location along the spine. If you feel twinges of pain in your neck or between your shoulder blades, tingling sensations or even numbness along your arms to your fingers, you may have herniated disc in your upper spine. You may also experience pangs of pain when you turn your head.

If you are experiencing pain in your lower back or feel like a tingling along your hips, buttocks, and down your legs to your feet, there is a good chance that you have a herniated disc in your lower back.

Diagnosing the root cause of your herniated disc requires a full patient history, clearly defined pain symptoms and a series of physical tests that will help your doctor locate the herniated disc. You may be asked to lie down and raise your legs and perform exercises that help correlate the type of pain you are feeling with a probable location in your spine. Your doctor may test your walking gait, posture, muscle strength and your reflexes. During this stage, your doctor will check to see if the pain is referred or related to cauda equina syndrome.

Generally, the physical exams will identify the cause of the pain. The good news is that most herniated discs do not require surgery. Your doctor may request X-rays which will help rule out tumors and fractures and provide a good overview of the health of your spine. CT scans, MRIs and Myelograms are used if there is uncertainty about the pain source.

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What Patients Think About Dr. Nourian

Awesome awesome doctor!!!very nice to all his patient! Dr. Nourian is very kind and caring. A very pleasant man and easy to communicate with. He saw my son when he injured his hip and He took extra good care of him. After 2 wks he was able to resume sports. He’s not only a very good orthopedic surgeon but also an amazing Spine doctor. He always make sure he always gets the job done. 2 Thumbs up to this Doctor!!!??

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Dr. Nourian is the best. His bedside manner is friendly and professional and his staff is excellent. I went to see him after a terrible whiplash injury when I rear-ended while driving. After receiving my MRI results, the doctor was quick to reach out and went over my options with me. He really cares about his patients.

Michelle Sadighpour Shophet


Dr. Nourian is an outstanding physician. I injured my back while exercising recently. I went to see him, and he explained my injury to me in detail. He told me that my injury would most likely heal without surgery, but if I needed surgery in the future he would get me through it. He is honest, intelligent, and forthcoming. I am thankful for him as my spine physician.

Michael Broukhim


Dr. Nourian was absolutely fantastic. I was struggling with intense lower back pain. He took his time 40 minutes to be exact to see me and review everything with me after another follow up we decided to do surgery. Thank god!!! I’m back to working out, picking up my child, and living my best life. I was so hesitant to do surgery but he was a true god send. He would call me weekly to see how I’m doing.

Sara Sadig


Dr. Nourian is smart, caring, attentive and super knowledgeable. I highly recommend him as an orthopedic surgeon!

Sharon Darouvar Greiner


Great with patients and consciences of patient’s time as well as needs. He will spend time to assure the patients with respect to treatment plan and follow-up was amazing with my auntie’s back issues.

Connie Esparza


An extremely knowledgeable doctor with wonderful bedside manner. He clearly explained every step of the procedure and eased all my worries. My back is feeling great thanks to Doctor Nourian

Ashley Sadig


After seeing three doctors and all of them saying I should operate Dr Nourian was able to address and issue without and surgery. I got an epidural and did physical therapy and I’m able to run around with my grand child. He’s truly a gem. Everyone at the office was friendly and supportive.

Katrin Sadighpour


Dr. Nurian explained everything very well and preformed the surgery exactly as planned. I woke up pain free and the surgery pain was gone in five days. Could not give him enough praise.

Wade Savage